Cameroon has an abundant variety of energy resources and a large local and sub-regional market. The hydroelectric potential is estimated at 12 000 MW according to World Bank estimates. Cameroon represents the third largest energy potential in sub-Saharan Africa after the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia. The potential of solar energy ranges from 4 kWh / m2 / day in the south to 6 kWh / m2 / day in the north. Geothermal potentials have been identified in the localities of Meiganga, Tignère, Ekondo Titi and Nwa. This diversity of resources should give the country energy independence and a considerable level of development. However, the energy deficit remains high.
Over the last few decades, the national supply of energy has evolved in a linear fashion while demand has grown exponentially. As an illustration, with the recovery, although timid investment in the sector in the early 2000s, the national production of public electric power has increased by 19% between 2012 and 2014 (see Figure 2).