Cameroon’s energy policy aims, among other things, three major challenges :
- ensure sufficient, efficient, reliable and clean energy supply;
- develop and guarantee access to modern energy services in the long term;
- make energy an asset of the Cameroonian industry in the global industrial competition.
It revolves around reviving and accelerating the development of the national energy heritage, with the diversification of sources of supply and respect for the environment. This policy is contained in a set of scoping documents published to provide direction and direction.
The vision of development of Cameroon formulated in 2009 by the Government and whose deadline is projected by 2035 is based on the needs and aspirations of the people, on the ambitions of the policies. It comes down to several objectives, some of which are specific to emergence, including:
- a prosperous economy with good infrastructure;
- universal access to quality services;
- a level of residual poverty;
- a level of unemployment and residual underemployment;
- an equitable allocation of resources between cities and countryside and between different regions.
The Strategy Paper for Growth and Employment (DSCE), Cameroon’s medium-term development framework, is the reference document for government action for the period 2010-2020. The DSCE aims to implement the 2035 Vision for the first decade (2010-2020). The energy hypothesis states that the significant planned developments should anticipate a considerable improvement in the country’s electricity generation capacity. These developments should drive growth in energy production at an annual rate of 2.9% and 13% respectively in the periods 2009-2011 and 2012-2020.
Table 1 below presents the changes expected at the end of the first ten-year phase, in terms of installed electrical energy capacity.
Table 1: Some energy indicators in 2010 and their outlook for 2020
|Value of 2010||Value expected in 2020||Gap|
|Installed power (MW)||1 009||3 000||1 991|