National Energy Efficiency Policy, Strategy and Action Plan in the electricity sector in Cameroon (final report)
If electricity consumption in Cameroon were to continue along current lines (please see description of the electricity context in Annex 1), it would lead to a growing imbalance between supply and demand. This could be only partially offset by the planned investments in new production capacities and, even then, only if these capacities could be implemented within the scheduled time frame and the considerable financial resources required could be raised.
Therefore, it is essential to implement an effective energy efficiency policy for the electricity sector as soon as possible, so as to enable a relatively short-term reduction of the pressure on demand. However, beyond the anticipated impact in terms of spreading out the investments required to equip the country with additional electricity-generating capacity, the formulation and development of such an energy efficiency policy must be seen as the foundation of any subsequent energy policy. This should help to avoid, or at least limit, the perpetual headlong rush towards new production capacities which, even when based on the use of alternative energy forms to fossil fuels, still require heavy investment and significant financing.
The sustainability of the energy efficiency policy to be put in place is therefore a fundamental criterion during its conceptual development.
National Energy Efficiency Policy, Strategy and Action Plan in the electricity sector in Cameroon (annex 2)
I EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The Government of Cameroon recognises the multiple benefits that could result from defining and implementing a national energy efficiency policy, notably:
– Improving the reliability of power supply to the nation, by reducing consumption below the available generation capacity, while maintaining the same level of service to users ;
– Stimulating economic growth, by reducing the energy expenditures of business ;
– Improving the standard of living of Cameroon families, by helping them reduce their energy bills.
This report is part of a process to develop the National Energy Efficiency Policy. Specifically, it outlines three scenarios for energy consumption, based on different levels of ambition in public action to encourage or require higher efficiency in the use of electricity. In addition, the report also highlights the measures which should be taken by the electricity utility in order to improve EE at the generation, transport and distribution level.